Forbidden History of Early Mankind

Recently, UFO Magazine attended a seminar held in Los Angeles, conducted by noted Orientalist and Biblical scholar Zecharia Sitchin. The seminar came upon the heels of the publication of the author's ninth book in his "Earth Chronicles" series, The Lost Book Of Enki: Memoirs and Prophecies of an Extraterrestrial God. If you are not familiar with Sitchin, you may wonder who he is-and who "Enki" is, and why tens of thousands of Sitchin fans are excited. In short, Sitchin is a name synonymous with uncovering humanity's hidden history. With that in mind, the following will bring you up to date.

In 1976 a rather amazing book was published. To call up an overripe metaphor, a small stone was thrown into the middle of a pond, and the ripples traveled far and wide. As time wore on, the implications of the book became apparent to a wider audience, and the author/scholar continued to expand his works.

The book was The 12th Planet, and it was but a harbinger of the extensive Sitchin studies to come. Close on the heels of the first book, Sitchin wrote The Stairway to Heaven, followed by The Wars of Gods and Men, The Lost Realms, Genesis Revisited, Divine Encounters, The Cosmic Code, and now, The Lost Book Of Enki.

What is it that Sitchin maintains, and why has his massive work been translated into over 70 languages? And why does Sitchin make the mainstream scientific establishment so "antsy and shrill" in claiming his work has no credence?

In explaining ancient beliefs, author Zecharia Sitchin says the Sumerians made an important distinction between fate and destiny.

In this voluminous body of work, Sitchin has laid out a major revision concerning all of human history. His research is even more impressive when one realizes that Sitchin is one of only about 200 scholars who can read and translate the ancient Sumerian language. (An interesting point is that his translations have never been refuted, only his conclusions.)

According to Sitchin's interpretation of ancient manuscripts, about 430,000 years ago Earth was visited by extraterrestrials who came here to mine minerals and metals that were needed for their survival. These extraterrestrials came from an as-yet-undiscovered planet in our solar system, the planet Nibiru, which has, says Sitchin, a 3,600-Earth-year orbit. Nibiru, the name bestowed by the ancients, means "Planet of the Crossing." These extraterrestrials, according to the ancient Sumerian texts, genetically altered the indigenous species of early humans and bequeathed all the arts of civilization to them, such as government, astronomy, mathematics, animal husbandry and agriculture.

This version of early man was derived not from Sitchin's imagination, but from what the Sumerians and other ancient peoples stated in their writings, often from first-hand interaction with these "gods." Of course, "mainstream" scientists do not look kindly upon such literal interpretations. When they engage in attempts to debunk such information, they are loath to own up to their mis- and disinformation. (See sidebar.)

Such a predictable lack of accountability from respected members of the science community cannot lessen the impact of Sitchin's conclusions. In The Lost Book of Enki, Sitchin relays the words of one of the chief Anunnaki, the Lord Enki. While not translated directly from some of the 8,000 sources that Sitchin claims to have utilized in compiling what he believes would have been the message of this ET lord, the prose-poem work relies on his intuitive grasp of the meaning behind Enki-related records. Sitchin says he's been gathering material on the Annunaki since the beginning of his research over 30 years ago. "I would sit and close my eyes and try to think, what does it mean when these divine beings say, 'Let us . . . create humans.' Each text makes the other texts plausible."

Within those texts, the Holy Bible's story of Genesis repeats the story of Enki. But he was not alone in the task of setting up a new Earthly species. Sitchin says that Enki worked with his half-brother Enlil, who shared responsibility for the Earth mission. The Lost Book takes a "behind the scenes" look at the Anunnaki, their motivations, ambitions and their reasons for traveling to Earth and creating the first worker.

According to historians and archaeologists, the Sumerian civilization collapsed in 2024 BCE. Of this there is no dispute. According to a study by Harvey Weiss and Timothy Wieskel of Harvard University and H.M. Cullen from Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, Sumeria's sudden demise resulted from an abrupt and unexplained climate change, which brought aridity and wind-blown dust storms. Their conclusion is backed up by radiocarbon datings, which indicate this occurred 4,025 years ago, plus or minus 125 years. This computes to the demise of Sumer in 2024 BCE, a date that Zecharia Sitchin already established.

Does Zecharia Sitchin's "Earth Chronicles" series address the fall of ancient Mesopotamia? Yes, and more. One ancient text, "Erra Epos," details an age of conflict between the Lord Marduk (son of the Lord Enki) and other Anunnaki, over Marduk's bid to become supreme ruler over Earth. This escalating conflict finally ended when the senior Anunnaki authorized the use of "weapons of terror" to defeat what was seen as a threat by Marduk to overrun all known lands. Of course the question begs to be asked, what were these weapons of terror? According to Sitchin, the Anunnaki authorized the use of "nuclear weapons," the effects of which are still visible today.

The use of these weapons is described in Sitchin's newest offering. Lord Enki was opposed to their use, and thought that he alone knew where the weapons' ancient hiding place was located. But his brother, Lord Enlil, also knew where they were hidden, and it was Enlil who gave the instructions to his son Ninurta on how to "awaken" the weapons. Upon retrieving the weapons, Ninurta and Enki's son Nergal awaited the signal from Enlil. Seven days later, they received it and set out on their mission of massive destruction.

Photo: This 1926 aerial photo documents excavations of the Sumerian capital of Ur. The fan-shaped areas are dumps of excavated earth.

As the book recites:

"I shall kill the son, I will annihilate the father! Nergal with vengeance was shouting.

The lands they covet will vanish, the sinning cities I will upheaval! So did Nergal enraged announce.

Valiant Nergal, will you the righteous with the unrighteous destroy? So did Ninurta his comrade ask.

The instructions of Enlil are clear! To the selected targets the way I will lead, you behind me will follow! The decision of the Anunnaki to me is known! Nergal to Ninurta, said.

For seven days and seven nights the signal from Enlil the two awaited. As was his intention, when his waiting was completed, Marduk to Babili returned.

In the presence of his followers, with weapons armed, his supremacy he declared; A thousand and seven hundred and thirty-six was the count of Earth years then.

On that day, on that fateful day, Enlil to Ninurta the signal sent; To Mount Mashu Ninurta departed, behind him Nergal followed.

The Mount and the plain, in the heart of the Fourth Region, Ninurta from the skies surveyed. With a squeezing in his heart, to Nergal a sign he gave: Keep off to him he signaled. Then the first terror weapon from the skies Ninurta let loose; The top of Mount Mashu with a flash it sliced off, the mount's innards in an instant it melted.

Above the Place of the Celestial Chariots the second weapon he unleashed, With a brilliance of seven suns the plain's rocks into a gushing wound were made, The Earth shook and crumbled, the heavens after the brilliance were darkened; With burnt and crushed stones was the plain of the chariots covered, Of all the forests that the plain had surrounded, only tree stems were left standing.

It is done! Ninurta from the skyship, his Black Divine Bird, words shouted.

The control that Marduk and Nabu so coveted, of it they are forever deprived!

Then to emulate Ninurta Nergal desired, to be Erra the Annihilator his heart him urged; Following the King's Highway, to the verdant valley of the five cities he flew.

Photo: The likely representation of our own solar system-with the extra planet Nibiru-can be seen toward the upper left of this 4,500-year-old Mesopotamian cylinder seal.

In the verdant valley where Nabu the people was converting, Nergal as a caged bird to squash him planned!

Over the five cities, one after the other, Erra upon each from the skies a terror weapon sent, The five cities of the valley he finished off, to desolation they were overturned.

With fire and brimstones were they upheavaled, all that lived there to vapor was turned.

By the awesome weapons were mountains toppled, where the sea waters were barred the bolt broke open, Down into the valley the sea's waters poured, by the waters was the valley flooded; When upon the cities' ashes the waters poured, steam to the heavens was rising.

It is done! Erra in his skyship shouted. In Nergal's heart there was no more vengeance.

Surveying their evil handiwork, the two heroes by what they saw were puzzled: By a darkening of the skies were the brilliances followed, then a storm to blow began.

Swirling within a dark cloud, gloom from the skies an Evil Wind carried, As the day wore on, the Sun on the horizon with darkness it obliterated, At nighttime a dreaded brilliance skirted its edges, the Moon at its rising it made disappear.

When dawn the next morning came, from the west, from the Upper Sea, a stormwind began blowing, The dark-brown cloud eastward it directed, toward the settled lands did the cloud spread; Wherever it reached, death to all that lives mercilessly it delivered; From the Valley of No Pity, by the brilliances spawned, toward Shumer the death was carried.

To Enlil and Enki Ninurta and Nergal the alarm sounded: Unstoppable the Evil Wind death to all delivers!

The alarm Enlil and Enki to the gods of Shumer transmitted: Escape! Escape! to them all they cried out. Let the people disperse, let the people hide!

From their cities the gods did flee, like frightened birds from their nests escaping they were.

The people of the lands by the Evil Storm's hand were clutched; futile was the running.

Stealthy was the death, like a ghost the fields and cities it attacked; The highest walls, the thickest walls, like floodwaters it passed, No door could shut it out, no bolt could turn it back.

Those who behind locked doors hid inside their houses like flies were felled, Those who to the streets fled, in the streets were their corpses piled up.

Cough and phlegm the chests filled, the mouths with spittle and foam filled up; As the Evil Wind the people unseen engulfed, their mouths were drenched with blood.

Slowly over the lands the Evil Wind blew, from west to east over plains and mountains it traveled; Everything that lived, behind it was dead and dying, people and cattle, all alike perished.

The waters were poisoned, in the fields all vegetation withered.

From Eridu in the south to Sippar in the north did the Evil Wind the land overwhelm; Babili, where Marduk supremacy declared, by the Evil Wind was spared."

Mankind suffered a devastating blow, an ancient and lofty civilization was destroyed, and if one believes the ancient texts as translated by Sitchin, humans 4,000 years ago were exposed to the very same weapons we so fear today. There can be little doubt that this description mirrors nuclear devastation. But what about the Anunnaki? They apparently remained.

After the destruction of Sumeria, what became of the "state religions"? The gods apparently migrated, sometimes arising under other names. They can be found in the religion of the Hittites, the Indus Valley, Egypt, Babylonia, the Elamites, Canaanites and the Phoenicians. Later, as civilizations arose in Greece and the Mediterranean islands, the gods' influence found its way into those temples and religion. For example, the Lord Marduk in Egypt is worshiped as the God "Ra," the Goddess Ishtar is the Sumerian Goddess Inanna, and so forth.

Sitchin has also found and documented Sumerian influence in the gods historically revered by cultures in Central and South America. The Olmecs of Central America have always been a mysterious civilization. Obviously African peoples, they have been traced back to about 3,000 BCE. The great Mesoamerican deity, the "Winged Serpent," or Quetzalcoatl, has been linked to the Egyptian God Thoth, who was thrown out of Egypt circa 3,000 BCE. Thoth bore another name from the Sumerian pantheon, Ningishzidda.

These repetitive appearances of similar deities have carried over from pre-biblical and biblical times. The question today is this: where are the Anunnaki now? UFO Magazine



Dr. E.C. Krupp, director of the Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles, wrote an article for the April, 2000 issue of Sky & Telescope magazine, entitled "Lost Worlds." In it, Krupp mentions Sitchin's book The 12th Planet. In that seminal work, there is an illustration of a clay tablet made from a "cylinder seal" that shows a star surrounded by 11 bodies in what appear to be orbits. According to Sitchin, the ancient Sumerians were aware of our entire solar system, including the "extra" planet of Nibiru, because of information given to them by the Anunnaki, or "Those who from Heaven to Earth came." Krupp refused to allow for that explanation and suggested that the "star" could have been the planet Jupiter, of which the ancients were, of course, aware.

In regard to the 11 bodies surrounding the "star," Krupp states, "Zecharia Sitchin's books are about ancient space colonists from a lost '12th planet' that once violently invaded our solar system." He goes on to say, "credulous readers are persuaded by Sitchin that the traditions of ancient Sumer validate this unorthodox reconstruction of solar system history." In a sidebar, Krupp states, "Sitchin's case originates in an Akkadian cylinder seal from the third millennium BC, a portion of [which] features a six-pointed star surrounded by 11 dots of varying size. Sitchin judged that the star symbolizes the Sun and the smaller elements are supposedly planets, including the lost 12th world."

Krupp then suggested that the cylinder seal actually shows the constellation of Sagittarius (the "Teapot of Sagittarius"). "And so," Krupp sums up, "if the central object is not the Sun but Jupiter (with which the ancients were familiar), and the surrounding objects not planets but the stars of Sagittarius (with which the ancients were familiar), Sitchin's extraterrestrials and Nibiru are not needed." In other words, silly reader, ETs simply will not do!

When Sitchin read Krupp's explanation of the 4,500-year-old Mesopotamian cylinder seal, he began an in-depth investigation. What he discovered (and by default, Krupp should have immediately known) is that Jupiter moves in an ecliptic orbit around the Sun, and could not dip the 11 or 12 degrees south necessary to appear in the "Teapot."

Upon rechecking his information, Sitchin attempted to contact Sky & Telescope so they could correct Krupp's error. After writing several letters to the magazine, without a response, he then sent the magazine several faxes. Sky & Telescope never did reply to the letters and faxes, but in August of 2000 Sitchin did receive a two-page letter from Krupp, written on Griffith Observatory stationery. In his letter Dr. Krupp stated, "It is a delight to hear from you. I have all of your books, have read most of them, and have listened to you on the radio a couple of times. I have of course dedicated thought to the arguments you have developed. Although your handling of the data has inspired my skepticism, please let me acknowledge the courtesy and logic of your complaint about the way I evaluated your Twelfth Planet notions in my monthly column on astronomy and culture in Sky & Telescope."

Krupp's gracious, but carefully worded reply made no outright admission of error, but did offer the following concession: "You are correct to point out that I was hasty in offering Sagittarius as an option for the imagery on the Akkadian cylinder seal VA/243. Certainly we cannot regard the figure as an accurate map of the Teapot with Jupiter brewing inside. If you'll allow me Saturn, we get a little closer, but you are right-no tea-caddied planet. My caption highlights Jupiter, positions it within Sagittarius, and suggests a real mapping. Your objection is sustained."

Still, Krupp went on to suggest that the object could "possibly" still be "Saturn or Sagittarius, Leo or Regulus, or possibly Cancer," but he refused to consider the simplest explanation: that the figures on the seal were meant to represent our own solar system. Sitchin wrote Krupp back and offered to "engage in a dialogue," but Krupp never bothered to respond. Sky & Telescope refused to print any letters to the editor from Sitchin admitting their error, and I am sure simply hoped the problem would go away. -D.E.

UFO The Science and Phenomena Magazine
Volume 17, Number 2, April/May 2002
pages 34 - 37

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